Autism Treatment

Intro | Neurological | Bio-Medical | Behavioral | Educational | Instinctive | Introspective | Recommendation

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA): This very popular scientific approach trains autistic children to learn new skills one small step at a time using reward and punishment. This is generally the only therapy universally accepted by mainstream autism professionals.
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Applied Behavior Analysis – Verbal Behaviour (ABA-VB): Derived from ABA principles and the work of renowned psychologist B. F. Skinner, ABA-VB is a way of studying observable behavior through operant conditioning, identifying ways to modify behavior as well as tracking essential learning skills in early development. It works particularly well with children with minimal or no speech abilities.
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Early Start Denver Model (ESDM): a comprehensive behavioral early intervention approach for children with autism ages 12 to 48 months that defines the skills to be taught at any given time and a set of teaching procedures used to deliver this content.
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Pivotal Response Therapy (PRT): Derived from ABA principles, PRT targets pivotal areas of a child's development rather than individual behaviors one at a time.
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Positive Behavior Support (PBS): Derived from ABA, PBS seeks to understand what maintains an individualís challenging behavior. By changing stimulus and reinforcement in the environment and teaching the child in their deficit skill set areas, the student's behavior changes in ways that allow him/her to be included in the general education setting.
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Social Stories: Such stories provide simple illustrations and text examples of how to behave and what the world is about. Topics include: “What is a Library?”, “I am Going to the Library”, “What is a Responsibility?” and “What are My Responsibilities?”
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Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS): Autistic children learn in stages to express themselves using picture cards or sentence strips.
  1. Exchange a card for a desired item
  2. Take initiative to find cards and make requests to the teacher
  3. Make specific requests with specific cards
  4. Use sentences to make requests in the form of “I want _____”
  5. Respond to the question “What do you want?”
  6. Comment about their environment
  7. Describe colors, shapes and sizes
[http://www.pecs.com]
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Sign Language: It takes a lot of effort to coordinate our lungs, throat, tongue and lips to speak. Some propose that sign language can overcome many of these difficulties preventing children with autism or aspergers from talking.

Skin Shock Therapy: Although highly controversial, using mild and harmless punishment can treat the most difficult behavioural problems of special needs children.

Disclaimer: Each child is different and may not benefit from the therapies above. The information provided here is for educational purposes only. Before undergoing any treatments, please seek professional advice.

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